On this day in history April 1, 1970 – The U.S. Army charged Captain Ernest Medina in the My Lai massacre.
1970 – U.S. President Nixon signed the bill, the Public Health Cigarette Smoking Act, that banned cigarette advertisements to be effective on January 1, 1971.
1971 – The United Kingdom lifted all restrictions on gold ownership.
1972 – North Vietnamese and Viet Cong troops renewed their offensive in South Vietnam.
1973 – Japan allowed its citizens to own gold.
1976 – Apple Computer began operations.
1979 – Iran was proclaimed to be an Islamic Republic by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini after the fall of the Shah.
1980 – A failed assassination attempt against Iraqi vice-premier Tariq Aziz occurred.
1982 – The U.S. transferred the Canal Zone to Panama.
1983 – New York Islander Mike Bossy became the first National Hockey League (NHL) player to score 60 goals in 3 consecutive seasons.
1985 – World oil prices dropped below $10 a barrel.
1986 – The U.S. submarine Nathaniel Green ran aground in the Irish Sea.
1987 – Steve Newman became the first man to walk around the world. The walk was 22,000 miles and took 4 years.
1987 – U.S. President Reagan told doctors in Philadelphia, “We’ve declared AIDS public health enemy No. 1.”
1991 – Iran released British hostage Roger Cooper after 5 years.
1991 – The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that jurors could not be barred from serving due to their race.
1991 – The Warsaw Pact was officially dissolved.
1992 – Players began the first strike in the 75-year history of the National Hockey League (NHL).
1996 – U.S. President Bill Clinton threw out the first ball preceding a game between the Kansas City Royals and the Baltimore Orioles.
1997 – David Carradine received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
1998 – A federal judge dismissed the Paula Jones’ sexual harassment lawsuit against U.S. President Clinton saying that the claims fell “far short” of being worthy of a trial.
1999 – In Zhytomyr, Ukraine, Anatoliy Onoprienko was sentenced to death for the deaths of 52 men, women and children. 43 of the killings occurred in a 6-month period.
1999 – The Canadian territory of Nunavut was created. It was carved from the eastern part of the Northwest Territories and covered about 772,000 square miles.