On this day in history November
- 1979 – In Dublin, Ireland, Provisional Irish Republican Army member Thomas McMahon is sentenced to life in prison for the assassination of Lord Mountbatten.
- The Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) (Irish: Óglaigh na hÉireann) is an Irish republican paramilitary organisation whose aim is to remove Northern Ireland from the United Kingdom and bring about a socialist republic within a united Ireland by force of arms and political persuasion. It emerged out of the December 1969 split of the Irish Republican Army over differences of ideology and how to respond to violence against the nationalist community. This violence had followed the community’s demands for civil rights in 1968 and 1969, which met with resistance from some of the unionist community and from the authorities, and culminated in the 1969 Northern Ireland riots.
The Provisional Irish Republican Army is also referred to as PIRA, theProvos, or by its supporters as the Army or the ‘RA; its constitution establishes it as Óglaigh na hÉireann (“The Irish Volunteers”) in the Irish language and usually refers to its members as volunteers. The IRA is a proscribed organisation in the UK under the Terrorism Act 2000 and an unlawful organisation in the Republic of Ireland. The United States does not list the IRA as a “foreign terrorist organization”, but includes them in the category of “other selected terrorist groups also deemed of relevance in the global war on terrorism.”.
Louis of Battenberg, the great grandson of Queen Victoria, and second cousin of George V, was born in Windsor, England, on 25th June, 1900. His father, Prince Louis of Battenberg, had been born in Austria. As a result of the anti-German feelings in Britain during the First World War the family changed its name from Battenberg to Mountbatten.
Mountbatten was educated at Osborne and Dartmouth Royal Naval College (1913-16). He joined the Royal Navy and during the war he served on board Lion and Elizabeth.
Mountbatten remained in the Royal Navy and on the outbreak of the Second World War was captain of the destroyer Kelly. He saw action during theNorwegian campaign and the ship was sunk off Crete on 23rd May 1940 with the loss of 130 men.
Winston Churchill appointed Mountbatten head of Combined Operations Command on 27th October 1941. He launched a series of commando raids including the disastrous Dieppe Raid in August 1942. The decision by Churchill to promote Mountbatten to vice admiral, lieutenant general and air marshall ahead of older and more experienced men upset senior officers in the military establishment.
In 1947 Clement Attlee selected Mountbatten as Viceroy of India and he oversaw the creation of the independent states of India and Pakistan.
Mountbatten returned to service at sea and as Fourth sea Lord was commander of the Mediterranean Fleet (1952-55). He was also First Sea Lord (1955-59) and Chief of Defence Staff (1959-65). Louis Mountbatten was murdered by an IRA bomb while sailing near his holiday home in County Sligo, Ireland, on 27th August, 1979.
- Irish president Higgins to make first state visit to UK – Reuters UK (uk.reuters.com)
- Seven men charged with IRA membership served books of evidence (irishtimes.com)
- Top movies on The Northern Irish Troubles (VIDEOS) (irishcentral.com)
- 2002 – The Belfast High Court is told that Sinn Féin’s administration office manager at Stormont, Denis Donaldson, is an active member of the IRA’s intelligence unit with connections to terrorist groups in Europe and in El Salvador. (stairnaheireann.wordpress.com)
- 100 Years of Óglaigh na hÉireann (politics.ie)
- Volunteer deaths to be marked in Shanaglish (clareherald.com)